All women have some vaginal bleeding after giving birth. However, sometimes it can be hard to know what is considered normal and what might be too much.

It is normal to bleed for up to 6 weeks after giving birth, and this is independent of whether you delivered vaginally or by C-section. Every day, your bleeding should be getting less and less (the exception can be when you start being more active, as that can cause a brief increase in your bleeding). Additionally, your bleeding should go from being bright red blood to darker old blood, to eventually a brownish color before it stops completely.

Overall, here are the main reasons for postpartum bleeding—keep in mind that some are considered perfectly normal, while others are the sign that something is definitely wrong and you should seek medical care.

1. Normal bleeding as your uterus shrinks. As your uterus goes back to its pre-pregnancy size, you will experience normal postpartum bleeding. It may temporarily increase as you breastfeed, since the hormone that is released with nursing (oxytocin) also makes your uterus contract.

2. Your period has returned. This one is often completely forgotten, especially since you haven’t had a period for over 10 months! If it’s been 4-6 weeks since your delivery and your bleeding suddenly increases to that of a period, it just might be that. However, if you are exclusively breastfeeding your period shouldn’t return so soon, so be sure to check in with your doctor or midwife to make sure something else isn’t going on. 

3. Part of the placenta was left in place. This is called retained placenta and occurs when part of the placenta remains stuck on the wall of the uterus. Symptoms can include heavier than normal vaginal bleeding, abnormal discharge, fevers, or abdominal pain (if an infection has occurred on top of this). An ultrasound can help confirm this diagnosis, and oftentimes this is treated with a surgical procedure called a D&C to remove the placental fragment.

4. Bleeding from a laceration or episiotomy. If any of these open up, they may begin to bleed again. A quick exam by your doctor or midwife can confirm this.

5. An infection in the uterus. Signs of a uterine infection are similar to #3. You may also feel achy all over or have nausea or vomiting, too. Definitely let your provider know if you feel this way so they can see you!

6. A blood disorder, such as a problem with clotting. Some blood disorders, both related and unrelated to pregnancy, can lead to increased postpartum bleeding and even a postpartum hemorrhage. One example is HELLP syndrome.

7. Increased activity (sex, exercise). The first time you exercise or have sex, you may notice that your bleeding picks up again. As long as it is not too heavy and you don’t feel dizzy from it, you should be OK. More than this means you need to rest and call your doctor or midwife.

8. Placental site involution. Around 2 weeks postpartum the site where your placenta attached can involute, or shed. This can lead to very brisk bleeding, but it is usually very brief (a few hours, for example). Still, if it’s heavier than soaking a pad an hour or you feel lightheaded, don’t be shy in calling your doctor so they can make sure all is well.

Reviewed by Dr. Jen Lincoln, April 2020


  • There are many reasons for bleeding after having a baby, but while some are normal, others can be a sign that something is wrong.
  • If you are ever bleeding so much that you feel dizzy or pass out, you need to seek medical care immediately.
  • Don’t forget that the reason you might be bleeding is that your period has returned!
  • When in doubt, check in with your doctor or midwife.


  1. My daughter had a baby last September started the depo shot in March but been bleeding heavily none stop since then concerned parent

    1. Hi Alaishi, She needs to see her doctor for an evaluation since that is not normal. Good luck!

  2. I had my son 18 months and I have bleed on and off since he was born….I have had to proper period I also get tummy pain as well

    1. Sorry I haven’t had a proper period

  3. I been bleeding since I had my baby in August she is a month old an Soo she will be 2 months an I’m still bleeding I received the depo shot a few hours after I had her is it normal to bleed for a long time like this I never bleed this long after giving birth an I’m starting to be worried that something is worng

    1. Spotting can be a result of early depo use, and in combination with postpartum bleeding your bleeding may be normal – but it is definitely something I would make an appointment with your doctor to discuss just to be sure, since it is on the longer end of bleeding. Good luck!


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